OVERVIEW

Maria Montessori wished for children to recognize the contributions of great and unknown persons to modern civilizations. We thank the inventor of the wheel and the medieval scribes for their contributions to history. According to Dr. Montessori, each child has a significant role to play as contributor to the family and society. The child’s personal sense of time is the starting point for the history curriculum. By noting the passage of days, months, and birthdays, the children develop this awareness of time. Children  create personal and family timelines a precursor to their work with timelines of human history. We also develop a historical sense of time through the Timelines of Life and Early People, and then the B.C.E./C.E. Timeline. These visual aids, presented with stories, specimens, and artifacts, help the children understand the evolution of life and development of civilizations. The children study this panoply of history in detail, and there is particular emphasis placed on world history. During their research, the children make links between classical and modern civilizations. They also engage in field studies to enhance their understanding and appreciation of history. They often read the literature of a particular civilization or study their language, and sometimes they write and perform plays based on historical events or literary figures.

CURRICULUM

The history of the universe and geological time periods

Key lessons on the Timeline of Life

Early Human History

  • Significance of the Coming of Human Beings
  • The First Timeline of Humans
  • The Second Timeline of Humans
  • Study of human evolution Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Homo habilis, Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon, Homo sapiens (specific study depends on interest shown by student)

Civilization: Meeting the Physical and Spiritual Needs of People

  • The agricultural revolution and literacy
  • Selected ancient civilizations (such as Babylonian, Egyptian, Chinese, Indus River Valley, Greek, Hebrew, Roman, Mayan)
  • The Middle Ages
  • The Renaissance and the Enlightenment

American History

  • Story of the United States of America
  • American historyTimeline
  • Key lessons (colonial history, the new nation, westward expansion, social upheaval, the age of industry and invention, the modern age)

Texas History (from Paleo-Indians to the present, with emphasis on multicultural studies)

  • Study of Native American Life
  • Texas line (Wars and Conflicts)

Exploration of other states history and geography through research and reports