Upper Elementary


The Montessori elementary curriculum was developed as an integrated whole to serve the developmental needs of children from ages 6 to 12. Dr. Montessori termed this period The Second Plane of Development. The continuity of the curriculum allows individual children to move through the various subject areas at the pace that supports mastering the subject material, building confidence and genuine self-esteem.

The division of the elementary 6-9 year olds and 9-12 year olds is based on the students’ developmental needs as they move towards adolescence. The work in lower elementary is done with extensive Montessori materials, allowing children not only to experience the depth and breadth of the curriculum, but also to become comfortable with their own learning styles. Upper elementary students, ages 9-12, transition to more abstract thinking relying more heavily on books and other resource material as they strengthen the work begun in the lower elementary. 

Some characteristics of children in the second half of The Second Plane of Development (ages 9-12) include:

  • Reasoning becomes a high priority
  • They have achieved a degree of independence, and strive for more independence.
  • Questioning of ever answer, “Why?”
  • A craving for Exploration – they want to go beyond usual expectations for their age
  • Extroverted reception – they often turn outward to broader society and the world beyond
  • Friendships become increasingly important
  • They become more adventurous and daring
  • Tidiness with personal belongings can decrease
  • They develop a keener conscience – this can help them to better understand right from wrong and rules
  • Hero worship is characteristic – fanaticism for people, activities, and things increases
  • Their enormous potential of intellect and power of imagination becomes readily apparent